It typically affects the outside of the elbows, knees or scalp, though it can appear on any location. Many people have another type of psoriasis elsewhere on the body at the same time. The most common type of psoriasis in the genital region is inverse psoriasis, but other forms of psoriasis can appear on the genitals, especially in men. If one parent has the disease, there is about a 10 percent chance of a child contracting it. There are 5 official types of psoriasis: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular, and erythrodermic, psoriasis. There are also subcategories of psoriasis types. The Many Types of Psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis, affecting 80 percent of people with psoriasis (NPF, 2012). It often appears on the elbows, knees, lower back, and scalp. Some people inherit genes linked to psoriasis, but most develop the condition suddenly due to a number of psoriasis triggers. There is no single cause or cure for psoriasis. While plaque psoriasis is the most common type, psoriasis can take several forms. It can also affect many different parts of your body. Because it appears in skin folds where there is constant rubbing, there is a higher chance that lesions will spread to skin that wasn’t already affected.
This brief overview explains the main types of psoriasis that affect your skin, nails, and joints. Plaque Psoriasis. This is the most common type. This type shows up as areas that are bright red, smooth, and shiny, but don’t have scales. Treatment with various creams or ointments can often clear or reduce patches (plaques) of psoriasis. Special light therapy and/or powerful medication are treatment options for severe cases where creams and ointments have not worked very well. Scalp psoriasis: about half of people with chronic plaque psoriasis affecting the skin of their body will also have psoriasis affecting their scalp. However, scalp psoriasis may occur alone in some people. Round/oval plaques of psoriasis are small (less than 1 cm – drop size) but occur over many areas of the body. Psoriasis signs and symptoms can vary from person to person but may include one or more of the following:. The most common form, plaque psoriasis causes dry, raised, red skin lesions (plaques) covered with silvery scales. You may have just a few plaques or many. Nail psoriasis. Psoriasis can affect fingernails and toenails, causing pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration. Although the disease usually isn’t as crippling as other forms of arthritis, it can cause stiffness and progressive joint damage that in the most serious cases may lead to permanent deformity.
In skin affected by psoriasis, immune cells enter the skin through blood vessels and cause the epidermis to grow very rapidly and to stop shedding properly (figure 2). About 40 percent of people with psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis (a type of arthritis closely related to psoriasis) have family members with the disorder (see Patient information: Psoriatic arthritis (Beyond the Basics) ). Several genes have been identified that make people more susceptible to psoriasis, but there is no genetic test that can definitely tell whether an individual will develop the disease. Some of the most common areas for plaques are the scalp, elbows, knees, and back (picture 1). While any part of your body can be affected, psoriasis plaques most often occurs on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms, and feet. Vaccinations: As with dry skin, puncturing the skin during a vaccination may cause a psoriasis flare, but that’s no reason to skip a needed shot. Additionally, studies have shown that many people with psoriasis may also have a gluten sensitivity, and eating a gluten-free diet can help reduce psoriasis symptoms. It’s common for people with inverse psoriasis to have another type of psoriasis somewhere else on their body at the same time. Psoriasis is a chronic (long-lasting) skin disease of scaling and inflammation that affects greater than 3 percent of the U. They most often occur on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet, but they can occur on skin anywhere on the body. There are several forms of psoriasis. This is a form of arthritis that produces the joint inflammation common in arthritis and the lesions common in psoriasis.
The 7 Types Of Psoriasis
We tend to think of psoriasis as a single condition, but there are several different types that are often misdiagnosed because the symptoms are improperly identified. 1 It can appear anywhere but is mostly found on the elbows, knees, back and scalp; symptoms include raised, red plaques covered by silvery white scales. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterised by clearly defined, red and scaly plaques (thickened skin). Psoriasis affects 24 of males and females. An individual’s genetic profile influences their type of psoriasis and its response to treatment. The most common sites are scalp, elbows and knees, but any part of the skin can be involved. When psoriatic plaques clear up, they may leave brown or pale marks that can be expected to fade over several months. There are several different forms of psoriasis, including psoriasis vulgaris (common plaque type), guttate psoriasis (small, drop-like spots), inverse psoriasis (in the folds like of the underarms, navel, groin, and buttocks), and pustular psoriasis (small pus-filled yellowish blisters). Scalp psoriasis can be severe enough to produce localized hair loss, plenty of dandruff, and severe itching. Patients may have inflammation of any joints (arthritis), although the joints of the hands, knees, and ankles tend to be most commonly affected. Watch this slideshow on psoriasis to see moderate to severe forms of this common skin condition. Learn about the different types (vulgaris, guttate, scalp, pustular, nails, etc.) as well as treatments. A person suffering from psoriasis on their arm. It most commonly affects the skin on the elbows, knees, and scalp, though it can appear anywhere on the body. However, in rare cases, two different forms of psoriasis can affect one person at the same type. Pityriasis rosea is a self-limited, mild, inflammatory skin eruption characterized by scaly lesions found most commonly on the trunk. This therapy may produce remissions for several months, but long-term, repeated treatments may cause skin cancer in some cases. Psoriasis can affect any part of the body, but it is most common on your head, elbows, knees, and toes, knees and toes. Various forms of psoriasis exist but, in general, psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder characterized by periodic flare-ups of sharply defined red plaques, covered by a silvery, flaky surface. In the most common form, called plaque psoriasis, thick red patches appear most often on the elbows, knees, scalp, lower back, buttocks, and belly button. There are several types of psoriasis, and some can be quite severe, affecting the joints and causing something called psoriatic arthritis.
There are several types of psoriasis. The most common type is plaque psoriasis. The most common type is called plaque psoriasis, also known as psoriasis vulgaris. In some cases, the psoriasis may cover the scalp with thick plaques that extend down from the hairline to the forehead. Over half of patients with psoriasis have abnormal changes in their nails, which may appear before other skin symptoms. But more powerful steroid medications also have a higher risk for severe side effects, which may include:. Dermatologists distinguish different forms of psoriasis according to what part of the body is affected, how severe symptoms are, how long they last, and the pattern formed by the scales. Plaque psoriasis (psoriasis vulgaris), the most common form of the disease, is characterized by small, red bumps that enlarge, become inflamed, and form scales. Plaque psoriasis can develop on any part of the body, but most often occurs on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk. Administered under medical supervision, ultraviolet light B (UVB) is used to control psoriasis that covers many areas of the body or that has not responded to topical preparations. There are several types of psoriasis which differ in severity and have unique, identifiable symptoms. Except in the case of psoriatic arthritis, it is more common to have only one type; however is it possible to have different types of psoriasis simultaneously, have one type change into another type, or develop different types throughout your life. The most common symptoms of psoriasis are skin rashes or red patches covered with white scales that may itch or burn. There may be a red drop-like rash (guttate psoriasis) or patches of scaly skin that crack and ooze pus (pustular psoriasis).
Each type affects different parts of the body. Plaque psoriasis is the most common form with plaques covered in silvery scales. The plaques can occur anywhere on the body, including the soft tissue of your mouth. Scalp psoriasis results in itchy plaques on the scalp with silvery-white scales. Any part of the skin surface may be involved, but the plaques most commonly appear on the elbows, knees and scalp. Although the commonest form features red, raised, scaly plaques, there are a number of types of psoriasis. It is known that the disease is multi-genetic (a condition where several genes may each have different roles, contributing to specific characteristics of disease) and therefore children may not necessarily inherit psoriasis. The nails may be affected so that they become thickened and raised from their nail beds, and the surface of the nail may be marked with small indentations (pits). Learn about the different types of Psoriasis: plaque psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, scalp psoriasis and nail psoriasis. The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis, affecting around 80 of people with the disease. Scalp Psoriasis. Several types of psoriasis can occur on the scalp. such as plaque psoriasis and guttate psoriasis. The most common form of psoriasis in children is plaque psoriasis affecting the elbows, knees and lower back. The scalp is the most frequent site of onset of psoriasis in children, but the face and the flexures (groin, armpit and behind the knees) may also be affected. Many people who have guttate psoriasis never experience another psoriasis flare, although up to half will have an occurrence of guttate psoriasis again, or go on to develop another type of psoriasis. There are 10 times as many people affected by psoriasis at 18 years old than those under one year. Psoriasis. What is psoriasis? Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease affecting 2 of the population. Although psoriasis is a long-term condition there are many effective treatments available to keep it under good control. Many people have just a few plaques but individuals with moderate to severe psoriasis may have several plaques covering large areas of their body. Chronic plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis. Psoriasis may appear at other sites too. Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of this condition, but there are also several other forms of psoriasis. All types cause discomfort in the skin in one way or another, although when symptoms first appear and which parts of the body they impact most depend on the specific form on psoriasis. All types cause discomfort in the skin in one way or another, although when symptoms first appear and which parts of the body they impact most depend on the specific form on psoriasis. Psoriasis symptoms appear on the skin of the knees, elbows and scalp most often. The most common form of psoriasis is chronic plaque psoriasis which affects about 80 of psoriasis sufferers.