Plaque psoriasis is the most common presentation of psoriasis. It presents as small to large, well demarcated, red, scaly and thickened areas of skin. These plaques may join together to involve very extensive areas of the skin particularly on the trunk and limbs. It is often accompanied by scalp and nail psoriasis. The areas affected by plaque psoriasis may join together symmetrical masses spread over extensive areas of the skin. Plaque psoriasis is usually accompanied by scalp and nail psoriasis. Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin. Fingernails and toenails are affected in most people at some point in time. This may include pits in the nails or changes in nail color. Plaque psoriasis typically appears as raised areas of inflamed skin covered with silvery-white scaly skin. It may be accompanied by severe itching, swelling, and pain.
It can appear at any age in varying degrees but usually between the ages of 10 and 30. Raised, red, thick, scaly plaques on the scalp and around the hairline. Psoriatic arthritis (psoriatic arthropathy) Psoriatic arthritis (psoriatic arthropathy): About 10 to 20 of people with psoriasis may develop an associated arthritis called psoriatic arthropathy, which causes pain and swelling in the joints and connective tissue, accompanied by stiffness particularly in the mornings and when rising from a seat. Some of the most common areas for plaques are the scalp, elbows, knees, and back (picture 1). People with psoriatic arthritis often have severe nail problems. Psoriasis also has been associated with obesity and an increased risk of heart disease. The most common form, plaque psoriasis causes dry, raised, red skin lesions (plaques) covered with silvery scales. Psoriatic nails may become loose and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). Psoriasis on the scalp appears as red, itchy areas with silvery-white scales. Although the disease usually isn’t as crippling as other forms of arthritis, it can cause stiffness and progressive joint damage that in the most serious cases may lead to permanent deformity.
They most often occur on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet, but they can occur on skin anywhere on the body. The disease may also affect the fingernails, the toenails, and the soft tissues of the genitals, and inside the mouth. Guttate psoriasis is most often triggered by upper respiratory infections (for example, a sore throat caused by streptococcal bacteria). Long-term treatment is associated with an increased risk of squamous-cell and, possibly, melanoma skin cancers. Patches of psoriasis are found in the scalp for nearly half of all psoriasis sufferers. Plaque psoriasis: Most commonly affects the extensor surfaces of the knees, elbows, scalp, and trunk. Intralesional corticosteroids: May be useful for resistant plaques and for the treatment of psoriatic nails. Severe psoriasis was associated with a greatly increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a recent study of more than 800,000 patients, including 142,883 with psoriasis, 7354 with severe psoriasis, and 689,702 without psoriasis.
For most kids, psoriasis is limited to just a few patches that usually respond well to treatment. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most commonly found on the scalp, knees, elbows, and torso. Childhood Stress Eczema Sleep Problems in Teens Skin, Hair, and Nails. Pustular psoriasis can also accompany other forms of psoriasis and can be very severe. The first sign of nail psoriasis is usually pitting of the fingernails or toenails. Often found on the arms, legs, and trunk and sometimes in the scalp, guttate psoriasis can clear up without treatment or disappear and resurface in the form of plaque psoriasis. Hydrocortisone creams have been associated with such side effects as folliculitis (inflammation of the hair follicles), while coal-tar preparations have been associated with a heightened risk of skin cancer. Psoriasis lesions commonly appear on the scalp, but they can occur anywhere on the body. As a result there is skin inflammation accompanied by overproduction of skin cells. Psoriasis can affect the nails and the joints as well as the skin. Psoriasis, particularly moderate to severe psoriasis, is associated with an increased risk of anxiety and depression. Certain sites such as the scalp, lower legs and groin can be particularly itchy. Plaques of psoriasis are usually present on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp, although others areas can be involved too. Nail psoriasis causes pitting, abnormal nail growth, and discoloration. Scalp psoriasis results in itchy plaques on the scalp with silvery-white scales. Inverse psoriasis generally causes smooth patches of inflamed skin in the armpits, groin, under the breasts, and the genitals.
Questions And Answers About Psoriasis
Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis in Routine Clinical Practice. Generally, correlation coefficients below 0.2 are considered as no or only weak association, between 0. While plaque psoriasis is the most common type, psoriasis can take several forms. Plaques are usually found on the elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back, but can appear anywhere. The most important component in Neem oil for psoriasis is nimbidin, an anti-inflammatory property that reduces swelling, redness, and itching. Neem oil for nails: Use Neem Cure oil on finger and toe nails. The affected skin can show signs of inflammation and is usually accompanied by moderate to severe itching.