Attachment style, alexithymia, and perceived social support were assessed with the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, respectively. In relation to comparison subjects, the patients with psoriasis had lower perceived social support and higher attachment-related avoidance. Although caution should be applied in generalizing these findings to outpatients, this study suggests that alexithymia, attachment-related avoidance, and poor social support might increase susceptibility to exacerbations of diffuse plaque psoriasis, possibly through impaired emotional regulation. Perceived social support and attachment relationship were assessed with the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Experiences in Close Relationships Scale, respectively. In comparison with controls the patients with psoriasis reported more stressful life events in the last year. (OR 1.44; CI 1.09-1.92; p 0.011) and avoidance attachment scale (OR 1.49; 030), and perceived less support from their social network than did the comparison subjects. A link between the mind and the skin has long been hypothesized. Indeed, some studies suggested that psychosocial factors may play a role in the pathogenesis and course of several skin diseases. Epidemiological studies indeed found a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders among dermatological patients. Moreover, lower perceived social support was found to be associated with.
Basic and Intermediate Clinical Epidemiology Courses (teacher: Dr. Moyses Szklo). Angelo Picardi, Corrado Fagnani, Antonella Gigantesco, Virgilia Toccaceli, Ilaria Lega, Maria Antonietta Stazi (2011) Genetic influences on alexithymia and their relationship with depressive symptoms. Development and validation of a Stress-related Vulnerability Scale. Social isolation was the only subscale to show a low internal consistency. Skin color plays an important role in an individual’s perception of health, desirability, worth and wealth. These vitiligo patients had a low mental Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL), which was comparable to the patients with other major skin diseases like eczema, 7, 8 hand eczema 9 and psoriasis. 18 However, in another study with 25 patients, 19 was found that the patients with vitiligo felt less impaired as compared to those with psoriasis in terms of choice of clothes, job discrimination, social relations and embarrassment. 56 In this study, it was found that certain personality characteristics such as alexithymia, poor social support and insecure attachment increased the susceptibility of vitiligo patients.
Attachment in adults deals with the theory of attachment in adult relationships including friendships, emotional affairs and adult romantic relationships. Compared to securely attached people, people who are anxious or preoccupied with attachment tend to have less positive views about themselves. Research into adult working models has focused on two issues. The secure and anxious attachment styles are associated with higher sociability than the dismissive or fearful attachment styles. Anxiety is a multisystem response to a perceived threat or danger. If a doctor says that a patient has an anxious affect, he or she means that the patient appears nervous or anxious, or responds to others in an anxious way (for example, the individual is shaky, tremulous, etc. These responses are not subject to conscious control, and are the same in humans as in lower animals. Social phobia is a specific anxiety disorder that is marked by high levels of anxiety or fear of embarrassment in social situations. From a psychosomatic perspective, FM can be considered the result of the intersection of biological, psychological, environmental, and social factors. For the personality assessment of the subjects, the Italian version of the TCI was used (Fossati et al.
Social programs including stress management and psychological support are important in the achievement of coping abilities 5. Patients with psoriasis had a very high level of perceived stress and a deeply altered quality of life 62. Subject: Psychology, Health Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Online Publication Date: Nov 2012 DOI: 10. High rates of psoriasis have been reported in people of the Faroe islands, where one study found 2. The prevalence of psoriasis is low in certain ethnic groups such as the Japanese, and may be absent in aboriginal Australians2 and Indians from South America. Psoriasis can present at any age and has been reported at birth and in older people of advanced age. In addition, strong associations have been reported with human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-Cw6 in patients with early onset, compared with later onset of psoriasis. Related Content. Patient had no past or family history of psychiatric illness and presented with insidious onset continuous illness of 8 years duration characterized by obsession of contamination, obsessive doubts, compulsive cleaning, and repetitive ritualistic acts. The study sample consisted of 33 patients, with 17 subjects in the haloperidol group and 16 subjects in the atypical antipsychotic (olanzapine or risperidone) group. Conclusion: Prevalence of risk factors in the emotional and learning domains was higher compared to those in the social, behavioral, and somatic domains. Mean scores on physical health, psychological health, and social relationship of female caregivers were found to be lower;