Plaque psoriasis (psoriasis vulgaris), the most common form, usually produces plaques of red, raised, scaly skin affecting the scalp, elbows, and knees. Other areas: Although the most common body areas affected are the arms, legs, back, and scalp, psoriasis can be found on any body part. Treatment with various creams or ointments can often clear or reduce patches (plaques) of psoriasis. The most common areas affected are over elbows and knees, the scalp and the lower back. Scalp psoriasis: about half of people with chronic plaque psoriasis affecting the skin of their body will also have psoriasis affecting their scalp. Psoriasis causes skin cells to build up on the surface of the skin where they form itchy, red patches and thick scales. Find out what causes psoriasis and how to help your child deal with it. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most commonly found on the scalp, knees, elbows, and torso. Psoriasis is a long-lasting (chronic) condition that can get better or worse, seemingly at random. Sometimes that affects their emotions, and some kids may develop low self-esteem and even depression as a result. Right now, there’s no cure for psoriasis, but a number of good options are available to treat the symptoms.
In erythrodermic psoriasis, the entire skin surface is involved with the disease. Patients may have inflammation of any joints (arthritis), although the joints of the hands, knees, and ankles tend to be most commonly affected. Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin. These skin patches are typically red, itchy, and scaly. 10 Plaque psoriasis typically appears as raised areas of inflamed skin covered with silvery-white scaly skin. These areas are called plaques and are most commonly found on the elbows, knees, scalp, and back. Nail psoriasis occurs in 4045 of people with psoriasis affecting the skin and has a lifetime incidence of 8090 in those with psoriatic arthritis. Skin cells build up too rapidly on the surface of the skin, forming raised, red, scaly patches (called plaques). Some people are not very affected by their scalp psoriasis symptoms, but for others, psoriasis is a disabling and embarrassing condition that affects their lifestyle and their interactions with others. The scalp is the most common places where psoriasis appears, but it can occur anywhere on the body, especially the knees, elbows and trunk.
The disease most commonly manifests on the skin of the elbows, knees, scalp, lumbosacral areas, intergluteal clefts, and glans penis. Pain (especially in erythrodermic psoriasis and in some cases of traumatized plaques or in the joints affected by psoriatic arthritis). Removing these scales exposes tender skin, which bleeds and causes the plaques (inflamed patches) to grow. Plaque psoriasis can develop on any part of the body, but most often occurs on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk. The nails may become deformed, and the disease can damage bone in the affected area. In skin affected by psoriasis, immune cells enter the skin through blood vessels and cause the epidermis to grow very rapidly and to stop shedding properly (figure 2). Some of the most common areas for plaques are the scalp, elbows, knees, and back (picture 1).
Psoriasis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Psoriasis usually presents with symmetrically distributed, red, scaly plaques with well-defined edges. The scale is typically silvery white, except in skin folds where the plaques often appear shiny and they may have a moist peeling surface. The most common sites are scalp, elbows and knees, but any part of the skin can be involved. The plaques are usually very persistent without treatment. Plaque psoriasis can develop on any part of the body, but most often occurs on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk. There may be a red drop-like rash (guttate psoriasis) or patches of scaly skin that crack and ooze pus (pustular psoriasis). It causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with white or silver patches of dead skin, referred to as scales (don’t worry, it doesn’t mean you’re turning into a fish). Psoriasis can affect any part of the body, but it is most common on your head, elbows, knees, and toes, knees and toes. In the most common form, called plaque psoriasis, thick red patches appear most often on the elbows, knees, scalp, lower back, buttocks, and belly button. When it affects the spine, psoriatic arthritis most frequently targets the sacrum (the lowest part of the spine). In some cases, even mild abrasions can cause an eruption, which may be why psoriasis tends to frequently occur on the elbows or knees. It can also affect many different parts of your body. Though it can affect skin anywhere on the body, psoriasis most often appears on the scalp, elbows, knees, lower back, and the palms and soles of the feet. Patches of skin, often on the elbows, knees, scalp and lower back, are raised, red and covered with silvery scales that shed; they are usually very dry, and may itch, burn or crack.
Psoriasis: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology
There are multiple forms of psoriasis, but they are all a result of the body overproducing skin cells in response to an abnormal immune response in the skin. Scalp, elbows, knees, legs, arms, genitals, nails, palms, and soles are the areas most commonly affected by psoriasis. The areas that are most commonly affected are the scalp, elbows and knees, but skin psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body. Symptoms of skin psoriasis vary from person to person. The most common form of psoriasis in children is plaque psoriasis affecting the elbows, knees and lower back. The scalp is the most frequent site of onset of psoriasis in children, but the face and the flexures (groin, armpit and behind the knees) may also be affected. The patches usually affect the trunk, limbs and occasionally scalp. Guttate psoriasis generally clears well, but may take several weeks or months. Psoriasis is a common; typically chronic papulosquamous skin disease that may be associated with a seronegative spondyloarthropathy. The most commonly involved areas are the elbows and knees, scalp, sacrum, umbilicus, intergluteal cleft, and genitalia.
In an individual affected by psoriasis, the life cycle of the skin is sped up dramatically, with the sheer volume of cells pushing others which have not fully matured to the surface where they form red, crusty patches covered in silvery-white scales. The severity of the patches will vary from person to person and for some people will only cause minor irritation whilst for others will affect their overall quality of life. Whilst they can occur on any part of the body they are most often seem on the lower back, scalp, knees and elbows and are generally either itchy, sore or both. Psoriasis is one of the most common of all skin diseases, and is also very difficult to cure. It can occur on any part of the body, however the most commonly affected areas are the knees, scalp, elbows, knuckles, lower back and sacral areas.