Nail Disorders and Abnormalities are common. Causes include alopecia areata, lichen planus, rheumatoid arthritis and peripheral vascular disease. Learn about the causes of nail pitting, or depressions in the toenails or fingernails. Nail pitting can also be associated with other conditions, including connective tissue disorders, alopecia areata, and sarcoidosis. There are many different types of eczema that produce symptoms and signs that range from. The symptom is very common with the patients suffering from psoriasis. Nail Pitting or Pitted Nails Caused Due to Alopecia Areata: Alopecia areata is a kind of acquired skin illness that can have an effect on the part of the hair bearing skin and it is characterized by restricted non-scarring areas of hair loss. Atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff, and rashes by poison ivy are some of the examples of the dermatitis. Small dents or pits on the nail exteriors might be the indication of some of the diseases, that might include:.
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common cause of noncicatricial alopecia that occurs as a patchy, confluent or diffuse pattern. During this period, a total number of 71 cases with alopecia areata were seen for associated cutaneous and systemic diseases and compared with 71 age- and sexmatched controls, who presented to our department with skin disorders other than alopecia areata such as psoriasis, lichen planus, warts, eczema, molluscum contagiosum, viral, bacterial and fungal infections. Nail pitting can be caused by psoriasis, alopecia areata and atopic eczema. Chronic eczema of the proximal nail fold can lead to chronic paronychia. Pitting may be a sign of eczema, psoriasis (haphazard: upper image), alopecia areata (regular: lower image) Transverse ridging Transverse ridging may be a sign of eczema (top image), paronychia (lower image), psoriasis, parakeratosis pustulosa Beau lineBeau line is a transverse depression affecting all nails, due to acute systemic illness stopping nail growth. Common skin lesions around nails include:.
Hair and nail disorders are quite common in childhood. Anoxia at delivery, premature and birth trauma may cause nail dystrophy, abnormal color and shape. Alopecia Areata. Treatment of nail psoriasis includes different types of medications, from topical therapy to systemic therapy, according to the severity and extension of the disease. Abstract: Psoriasis is a common skin disease, with nail involvement in approximately 80 of patients. Another possible sign of nail matrix psoriasis is the presence of red spots in the lunula (mottled lunula), a nonspecific sign that can also be due to nail lichen planus and eczema. Nail pitting of alopecia areata is usually differentiated from that of nail psoriasis by the regular pattern of the depressions, which are superficial and geometrically distributed. Nail diseases are distinct from diseases of the skin. Although nails are a skin appendage, they have their own signs and symptoms which may relate to other medical conditions.
Alopecia Areata And Autoimmunity: A Clinical Study
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin. Fingernails and toenails are affected in most people at some point in time. Probably the most common condition associated with nail pitting is psoriasis, which is an inflammatory condition characterized by scaly skin lesions and arthritis. Other inflammatory conditions that can also be associated with nail pitting include alopecia areata, a genetic cause of hair loss, or eczema or atopic dermatitis. Pitting is the result of the loss of cells from the surface of the nail. Some signs and symptoms of nail psoriasis may also be present. Usually occurs after a strep infection (throat infection) and is more common among teenagers and children. Most commonly affected areas include the armpits, groin, skin between the buttocks, and skin under the breasts. Hair Loss (Baldness). The most common types of psoriasis and their symptoms may include:. Thick, pitted nails similar to psoriasis Common Causes. Some of the common causes of Thick, pitted nails similar to psoriasis may include: Alopecia areata Eczema Lichen planus more causes. Acne Vulgaris, also known as Acne, is a common condition that can manifest as inflammatory lesions, painful cysts, and/or blackheads.